Mountain Bluebird (Photo by Leta Pezderic), Sprague's pipit, Shoe Lake West, SK (Photo by Stephen Davis). The Sprague’s Pipit is a small bird which breeds in the Great Plains of North America. Sprague's pipits are monogamous and form pairs. Wagtails and pipits are fairly social birds, some species flocking together outside of the breeding season. In Canada, Sprague's pipit breed in southern Alberta, southern Saskatchewan, and southwest Manitoba. Campbell, R. Wayne, Neil K. Dawe, Ian McTaggart-Cowan, John M. Cooper, Gary W. Kaiser, Michael C. E. McNall, G. E. John Smith. var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? Sprague’s pipit is considered a native grassland specialist and prefers to nest in intact prairies with moderate levels of grazing. The Eastern Yellow Wagtail has the distinction of being named the bird most likely to carry the Avian Flu Virus (H5N1) from Asia to Alaska. The nests are a small cup of grass found on the ground with standing dead vegetation folded over to create a canopy. Suite 410 The Sprague's Pipit (Anthus spragueii) is a small passerine bird that breeds in the short and mixed-grass prairies of North America and overwinters in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. In the United States, they can be found in Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Minnesota. Four to six eggs are typically laid within the nests with an average incubation time of 13–14 days. North American Breeding Distribution and Relative Abundance: A grassland endemic species whose range primarily encompasses the Great Plains in Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Montana, and North Dakota. The tail feathers farthest from the center. This, coupled with a relative lack of information on the biology and management of this species, has led to the inclusion of the Sprague's pipit on the list of species that may be at risk in Alberta. The wagtails also show up as vagrants from Asia, or breed in Alaska and winter in Asia. "); Sprague's Pipits overwinters in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. The Smallest Bird on Earth Weighs Less than a Penny! "'>"); Crows: The birds that go fishing with breadcrumbs! They are fed mainly by the female and leave the nest at the age of 10-11 days before they are able to fly well. Sprague's pipit requires moderatelylarge blocks ofunfragmented, primarily native grassland as breeding and foraging habitat. The International Union for Conservation of Nature ranks the Sprague’s pipit as vulnerable and the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada has assessed it as threatened. Depending on the…. [CDATA[ Females and males are similar in appearance. Sprague's pipits are found throughout the central northern Great Plains of North America. Nature Conservancy of Canada These birds feed by day walking or running on the ground in search of seeds or insects. Sprague's pipits are migratory and winter in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. © 2020 Nature Conservancy of Canada (NCC) | ™ Trademarks owned by The Nature Conservancy of Canada. The chicks hatch helpless and blind (altricial). In Canada, they breed in southern Alberta, southern Saskatchewan, and southwest Manitoba. It may breed as far west as British Columbia. 245 Eglinton Avenue East, The Sprague’s Pipit has been listed as a vulnerable species. Territorial males have a flight display that may last up to 3 hours, the longest known flight display of all avian species. In Mexico it is fairly common to common in the interior from northeastern Sonora and Nuevo Leon south to Zacatecas and San Luis Potosi and along the Atlantic Coast from Tamaulipas to central Veracruz. replacedby_title | Is Replaced By - Title, hastranslation_title | Has Translation - Title, usageconsiderations | Usage Considerations. The Nature Conservancy of Canada (NCC) owns and protects several properties where Sprague’s pipit has been found. The Sprague’s Pipit is a small bird which breeds in the Great Plains of North America. The Sprague’s pipit, a type of songbird, is known for having the longest known flight display of any other bird species. The Heroes that Were Pigeons: The Smart “Rescue and War” Pigeons Their display includes flying 50 to 100 metres off the ground, singing a descending series of slurred notes that sound like “zeer,” while gliding, flapping their wings and plummeting down toward the ground. In the United States, they breed in northeastern and central Montana, western and central North Dakota, northwest South Dakota, and in the Red River Valley of Minnesota. Because this species is so sensitive to habitat changes and requires large blocks of intact native grasslands, it is a useful indicator of prairie health. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); © 2011 - All Rights Reserved. This species breeds and winters in open grassland with very few to no trees or shrubs. It prefers to nest in open native grasslands of intermediate height and density with moderate litter accumulation and no or low shrub density. var sc_project=965006; Sprague’s Pipit is most commonly associated with grassland habitat in the Moist Mixed and Mixed Grassland Ecoregions of Prairie Canada. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast. This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. All members of this family are long distance migrants to Asia, or the southern United States and Mexico. Sprague's pipits are generally solitary birds but during the mating season and in areas with plentiful food they may gather in small flocks. They are all non-forest species, many with an affinity for wetlands. The Sprague’s Pipit is a small ground-nesting passerine endemic to the Northern Great Plains and was assessed as a threatened species in 2000 by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). The female lays 4 to 6 eggs and incubates them for 13-14 days. In the United states it occurs from southern California (casually), south-central and southeastern Arizona, southern New Mexico, central and eastern Texas, southern Kansas, southern Oklahoma, southern Missouri, Tennessee and northwestern Missisissppi south through Arkansas and Louisiana (A.O.U. The Sprague’s pipit breeds from southern and central Alberta, to southwestern Manitoba and south to southern Montana, northern South Dakota and northwestern Minnesota. Your use of this website indicates your agreement to these The Sprague's pipit was named by John James Audubon (American ornithologist, naturalist, and painter) for Isaac Sprague; he was an artist who accompanied J. J. Audubon on his trip up the Missouri River. The species will sometimes use tame pastures or hayfields, but experiences reduced reproductive success in these areas. published_date | Publish on this future date. Often mistaken for a sparrow, Sprague’s pipit is a medium-sized songbird that is brown and striped with a thin bill and white outer tail feathers.